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ASHABI KAHF – means the “cave people” in Arabic, it is 12 km far away from Nakhchivan city, between Ilandagh ad Nahajir dagh. There is also the same name place in Small Asia or Palestine, and it was mentioned in ancient religious books, and Koran as well. According to legend in “Kahf” (“Cave”) surah, the youth who wanted to get rid of the prosecution enter the cave together with the dog. Allah made them sleeps, and then woke them up hundreds of years later. The legend spread in Nakhchivan has approximately the same sense. By the order and patronage of the President of Azerbaijan Republic Heydar Aliyev, the restoration work is held here, the condition is developed for pilgrims, and the mosques are built.

 

 

 

 

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       YUSIF IBN KUSEYR’S TOMB – one of the most ancient monuments in Nakhchivan. People call it also Atababa tomb. On the epitaph of the tomb, it was written that the tomb was built by the architect Ajami Nakhchivani son of Abubakr in 1162, and the name of the person who buried there is written on the stone as well. The ayahs (sentences) from Koran are written on the wall of the monument.  The tomb consists of underground and eight-pointed surface. The underground is the tomb, and the surface is of monumental type like memorial monument. The ornaments are made of small bricks, and were fixed to the surfaces by means of cement substances.

 

 

 

 

 

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MOMINE KHATUN TOMB – the huge monument of Azerbaijan national architecture, one of the Oriental pearls – Mumine Khatun tomb was built (architect Ajami Nakhchivani son of Abubakr) in 1186 in the western part of Nakhchivan. The founder of the Azerbaijani state of Eldenizler, Shamsaddin Eldeniz decided to built tomb on the grave of his wife Mumine Khatun, and his son Muhammed Jahan Pahlavan finished the construction work in Muharrem (month) in hijri 582 (the beginning of Moslem era from the 16th of June 622, that’s). The local people also call it Atabeyler monument. On the head of the monument, the following words are written: “We are going, and only wind is left. We die, and only the work is kept.”

 The total height of the monument was 34 km, and then 8 km out of its surface cover was destroyed. The tomb consists of the surface and underground parts. The tomb part is of ten-pointed shape. According to some other researchers, the tombs of the Head of Atabeyler state- Shamsaddin Eldeniz, his wife Mumine Khatun and his son Muhammed Jahan Pahlavan are all together placed in he monument. The tombstones of those buried there were robbed away. The tomb is of original structure, and is rich in design. Arcs are made from the central column to each of the corners. The same structure of the tomb lately was used in gothic architecture in the West. The outside of the tomb is of ten-pointed shape (each point surrounded with inscriptions), but inside it is round. Inside the dome of the tomb, there four round medallions with the names of the caliphs. The corners of the Mumine Khatun tomb made of burnt brick are of protuberance form, and the surface of the tomb is worked out like hollow.

 

 

 

 

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Garabaghlar tomb – belongs to the middle Ages, and situated in the Garabaghlar village in Sharur region. The tomb is the monument. Besides Garabaghlar tomb there are also two minarets and building pieces among them. Both of the minarets are supposed to belong to late XII- early XIII centuries. And the arc connecting these minarets belongs to XIV century. The name of Head of the Elkhani state Hulaki khan’s wife’s name Guti khatun is written in the tombstone. 

  

 

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GULUSTAN TOMB – belongs to Middle Ages, near the Gulustan village in Julfa region. The Gulustan tomb built with the impact of Mumine Khatun tomb belongs to tower type tomb group in Azerbaijan. The 12-sided body of the tomb is built of red sand stone, and the original platform (in the shape of cut cornered cub) of planed stone. The surface of the tomb was decorated with hollow geometric ornaments, and decorative arcs. The joint place of the body to seats, and the passage to tower was surrounded with hollow bands of stalactite shape. 

 

 

 

Reference: nakhchivan.az

 

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